The products are called “fair trade" can either be certified by Fairtrade, or come from a producer who complies WFTO"s principles of Fair Trade. In ethical trade organizations try to influence conventional trade to take responsibility for the conditions under which goods are manufactured. Sometimes considered ethical trade fall outside the definition of fair trade. But even if the methods and results can differ between the different approaches, the goal is the same – to improve conditions for producers and workers in producer countries. Learn more about the different approaches by clicking on the icons below.
Why Fair Trade?
Child labor, extremely long hours, hazardous work environment, sexual harassment and minimal charge. Behind the products that abound in the daily trade are often tales with descriptions like these. Globalization has led to the development of many countries, but often will people trapped on the road. Fair trade aims to improve the conditions of those who produce the goods we consume.
Many producers in developing countries often have limited resources and are struggling to compete in the world market. To be able to act there, and sell their products, they are forced to push their prices, lower standards of working conditions and sell through multiple intermediaries who themselves take a large share of the credit. This means that many do not get paid enough for their work and therefore can not provide for themselves, their family and develop their community.
It is against this background, the fair trade movement has emerged. By promoting a trade where people and local community development at the center, poverty and social exclusion avoided. Fair Trade is not aid – it is a trading partnership between producers, importers, stores and consumers, which is characterized by transparency, reciprocity and respect for all parties. Fair pay, good working conditions, sustainability, respect for human rights and the environment allows for the long term economic and social development.
Fair trade is a trading partnership based on dialogue, transparency and respect, that seeks a fairer world trade. It contributes to sustainable development by offering better trading conditions and guaranteeing the rights of marginalized producers and workers – especially in the South. Fair Trade Organizations, along with consumers, is actively engaged in supporting producers, and by raising awareness and implementing campaigns to change the conventional international trade rules and practices.
This definition of Fair Trade, members of the Fair Trade network endorsed. It was adopted in December 2001 by the great organisationera Fair Trade FLO, IFAT (now WFTO), EFTA and NEWS! (Now WFTO Europe). Since then, the definition has been recognized by the European Parliament (2006), the European Economic and Social Committee (2009) and European Commission (2009).